South Sudan has recently experienced devastating floods which have led to widespread loss of property, damage to infrastructure, the spread of waterborne diseases, notwithstanding the loss of livelihoods that has created a disastrous humanitarian situa...
sudan, development, infrastructure, menace, extreme, floods
South Sudan has recently experienced devastating floods which have led to widespread loss of property, damage to infrastructure, the spread of waterborne diseases, notwithstanding the loss of livelihoods that has created a disastrous humanitarian situation. In view of this, it is appropriate to focus seriously on stopping the menace of floods in South Sudan in the present and in the future for the welfare of people.
The recent floods with the result being humanitarian disaster in South Sudan confirm the urgency of investment in infrastructure development to stop the menace of floods. South Sudan is a country with an estimated area of 640,000 square kilometers and an estimated population of 12 million. It has six agroecological zones out of which two are where extreme flooding occurs.
However, the area is prone to extreme flooding that severely impacts livelihoods, causing massive and extended internal migration of people to wherever higher grounds may be found. The problem of extreme floods does not only affect the people of theflood plains and, the Nile and Sobat corridor, but the problem is also extended to those on adjacent higher grounds.
As may be seen, along-term solution is needed to address the menace of floods in South Sudan. In responding to shifts in rainfall and extreme floods, there is a need for much moreinvestment in infrastructure development inthe flood plains and, the Nile and Sobat corridor.
The two major types of flood event cause extreme floods in the two agroecological zones of flood plains and, the Nile and Sobat corridor in South Sudan. In conclusion, investment in infrastructure development, as a practice but not as a theory, to stop the menace of floods affecting more than 50 per cent of the population of South Sudan every year,will eventually make extreme floods history and a thing of the past which will only be a good lesson to learn in nation building.