The shortcomings and scarcity of data on migration have limited the capacity of the African Union (AU) Member States to conceive coherent migration policies. Furthermore, the informal character of migratory movements, the porosity of borders and the co...
un, africa, morocco
The shortcomings and scarcity of data on migration have limited the capacity of the African Union (AU) Member States to conceive coherent migration policies. Furthermore, the informal character of migratory movements, the porosity of borders and the complexity of the collection of data on human mobility at the continental level, going from and to Africa, have made the management of migratory movements very difficult.
Against this backdrop, the AU, through Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.695 (XXXI) the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union committed to establish, in Morocco, the African Migration Observatory, as an AU organ, to address the real and pressing need for Africa to generate knowledge and better understand the migration phenomenon.
The idea of this new mechanism, which will help to develop, through reliable and accurate data on migration, clear, effective and realistic migration policies and programmes, was suggested by HM King Mohammed VI of Morocco during the organization’s 30th summit in 2018 in the framework of the African Agenda on Migration.
The proposal was endorsed by African Heads of State and Government at the 31st AU Summit that was held in Nouakchott, Mauritania in July 2018.
About of the African Migration Observatory
The African Migration Observatory will have the mission to facilitate the implementation of the Marrakesh global compact on migration through data collection and the promotion of continental and international cooperation in the field of migration and strengthening the contribution of migration to sustainable development.
It will contribute to improve the overall migration governance regime in Africa, and to serve as the African tool to address migratory data deficiencies on the Continent, and guide African countries in the elaboration of evidence-based migration policies;
The main objectives are to:
1) Provide the Continent with a centralized, unified source of data on migration for further research, policy formulation and programming and to improve the overall migration governance regime in Africa;
2) Advance the knowledge base of the African Continent on migration and mobility;
3) Contribute to evidence-based policies and interventions on migration in Africa;
4) Support and bring together the other existing initiatives on migration, notably the African Centre for the Study and Research on Migration in Mali, the Continental Operational Centre in Khartoum for combating irregular migration, the Tunis based African Union Institute for Statistics (STATAFRIC), national bureaux of statistics and migration data hubs in Africa and beyond.
The observatory will aim at “harmonizing the national strategies of African states and improving interactions with partners” thus dealing with the collection and development of information on migration within Africa, the regulation of policies and their harmonization throughout Africa, and the interaction with partners abroad. It will also guide African countries in the elaboration of efficient migration policies within the context of the AU Migration Policy Framework for Africa (MPFA).
The African Migration Observatory will be inaugurated on 18 Dec 2020 in Rabat, Morocco by H.E. Mrs Amira Elfadil, the Commissioner for Social Affairs and Mr. Nasser Bourita, Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccan Expatriates of the Kingdom of Morocco.